Let's first begin at, well, the beginning! CREATION.
Genesis 1:1-2 In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth. And the earth came to be formless and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Ruach of Elohim was moving on the face of the waters. (v.5 - states it happened on the first day, day ONE)
Genesis 1:14-19 And Elohim said, "Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years, and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth." And it came to be so. And Elohim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, and the stars. And Elohim set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good. And there came to be an evening and there came to be morning, THE FOURTH DAY. (emphasis mine)
Jubilees 2:2 For on the first day He created the heavens which are above and the earth and the waters and all the spirits which serve before Him.
Jubilees 2:8 And on the fourth day He created the sun and the moon and the stars,
Not entirely sure how earth is expected to orbit that which was created AFTER it was.....!
THE MOVEMENT AND MOBILITY OF THE SUN AND THE MOON
The most important biblical quote supporting a geocentric earth can be found in the book of Joshua.
Joshua 10:12-13 Then Yehoshua spoke to יהוה in the day when יהוה gave the Amorites over to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and he said before the eyes of Yisra’ĕl, “Sun, stand still overGib'on; and moon, in the Valley of Ayalon.” So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Yashar? Thus the sun stopped in the midst of the heavens, and did not hasten to go down for an entire day.
It is further supported inYasher:
Yasher 88:63-64 And when they were smiting, the day was declining toward evening, and Joshua said in the sight of all the people, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon, and thou moon in the valley of Ajalon, until the nation shall haverevenged itself upon its enemies. And Elohim hearkened to the voice of Joshua, and the sun stood still in the midst of the heavens, and it stood still six and thirty moments, and the moon also stood still and hastened not to go down a whole day.
Yasher 89:8 The sun and moon stood still in heaven, and thou didststand in thy wrath against our oppressors and didst command thy judgments over them.
The miracle of Joshua appears again as a reference in the book of Habakkuk.
Habakkuk 3:11 Sun,moon shall stand still in their places. Like light Your arrows fly, Like lightning is Your glittering spear.
The evidence in support of a geocentric model is overwhelming here. Joshua commanded the sun to stand still. He did not order the earth to cease rotating nor did he qualify his statement with the divine knowledge that the sun was merely made to appear stationary. The sun was commanded to stand still because it is the sun that moves.
Psalms 19:4-6 Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their words to the end of the world. Inthem He set up a tent for the sun, And it is like a bridegroom coming out of his room, It rejoices like a strong man to run the path. Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end; And naught is hidden from its heat.
Ecclesiastes 1:5 The sun also rises, and the sunsets, and hurries back to the place where it arose.
Yasher 32:50 And the sun rose upon him when he had passed the brook, and he came up to the place of his cattle and children.
Jubilees 2:12 And the sun rose above them to prosper them, and above everything that was on the earth,
There is plentyon the sun in Enoch! I will just put down some of it.
Enoch 41:5 And I saw the storerooms of the sun and the moon, from what place they come out and to which place they return, and their splendid return - how in their travel one festival is celebrated more than the other. They do not depart from their orbit, neither increase nor decreaseit; but they keep faith with one another: in accordance with an oath they set and they rise.
Enoch 72:2-3 This is the first commandment of the luminaries: The sun is a luminary whose egress is an opening of heaven, which is located in the direction of the east, and whose ingress is another opening of heaven, located in the west. I saw six openings through which the sun rises and six openings through which it sets. The moon also rises and sets through the same openings
Enoch 72:33 The lengths of the day and the night as well as the shortness of the day and the night, are determined by the course of the circuit of thesun, and distinguished by it. Enoch 72:35-37 Thus this is the order for the course of the movement and the settlement of the sun - that great luminary which is called the sun, for the duration of the years of the universe - in respect to its going in and coming out. It is that very luminary which manifests itself in its appearance as יהוה has commanded that it shall come out and go in, in this manner. And neither does it diminish in respect to its brightness nor take rest but continue to run day and night. As for the intensity of its light, it is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; nevertheless, THE SUN AND THE MOON ARE EQUAL IN REGARD TO THEIR RESPECTIVE SIZES. (emphasis mine)
Enoch 75:3 ....the sun, the moon, the stars, and all the created objects which circulate in all the chariots of heaven should rule in the face of the sky.
Interestingly, we have stars that set, as well as revolve:
Enoch 75:8-9 I also saw the chariots in heaven running in the universe above those openings so in which the stars that do not set, revolve. One circuit is larger than the rest of them all, and it circles the entire cosmos at the extreme ends of the earth.
THE STABILITY OF THE EARTH
On the other side of the geocentric coin, if the sun moves then the earth must not move. There are a few passages which more-or-less forbid the motion of the earth.
1 Chronicles 16:30 Tremble before Him, all the earth. The world also is firmly established, immovable.
Psalms 93:1 YHUH shall reign, He shall put onexcellency; יהוה shall put on strength; He shall gird Himself. Indeed, the world is established, immovable.
Psalms 96:10 Say among nations, “יהוה shall reign. The world also is established, immovable. He judges the peoples in straightness.”
And then there's the scripture that tells of an earth with a "foundation". This should have us believe that the earth is stable.
2 Samuel 22:16 "And the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At the rebuke of יהוה, At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
Psalms 18:15 And the channels of waters were seen, And the foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O יהוה, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
Psalms 102:25 You did found the earth of old, And the heavens are the work of Your hands.
Proverbs 8:27-29 “When He prepared the heavens, I was there, when He decreed a vault on the face of the deep, when He set the clouds above, when He made the fountains of the deep strong, when He gave to the sea its limit, So that the waters would not transgress His command, when He decreed the foundations of the earth,"
Isaiah 48:13 "Also, My hand has laid the foundation of the earth, and My right hand has stretched out the heavens. I call to them, let them stand together."
John 17:24 “Father, I desire that those whom You have given Me, might be with Me where Iam, so that they see My esteem which You have given Me, because You loved Me before the foundation of the world."
Enoch 69:17 By it the earth is founded upon the water;
Jubilees 19:25 And these shall serve to lay the foundations of theheaven..
The firmness of the earth's foundation is open to some discussion, however. Earthquakes may or may not be allowed.
Psalms 104:5 He established the earth on its foundations, So that it would not totter forever.
Job 9:6 who shakes the earth out of its place, and its columns tremble;
Isaiah 24:18 And it shall be that he who flees from the noise of the fear falls into the pit, and he who comes up from the midst of the pit is caught in the snare. For the windows from on high shall be opened, and the foundations of the earthbe shaken.
1 Samuel 2:8 “He raises the poor from the dust, He lifts the needy from the dunghill, to sit with princes, and make them inherit a throne of esteem. For the supports of the earth belong to יהוה, and He has set the world upon them."
Job 38:4-6 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if you haveunderstanding. Who set its measurements, if you know? Or who stretched the line upon it? Upon what were its foundations sunk? Or who laid its corner-stone,
Enoch 9:2 And they said to one another, "the earth, from her empty foundation, has brought the cry of their voice unto the gates of heaven."
Enoch 18:1 And I saw the storerooms of all the winds and saw how with them he has embroidered all creation as well as the foundations of the earth.
Enoch 57:2 ....the pillars of the earth were shaken from their foundations;
Yasher 6:11 And on that day, Elohim caused the whole earth to shake, and the sun darkened, and the foundations of the world raged, and the whole earth was moved violently, and the lightning flashed, and the thunder roared, and all the fountains in the earth were broken up, such as was not known to the inhabitants before; and יהוה did this mighty act, in order to terrify the sons of men, that there might be no more evil upon earth.
THE SHAPE OF THE EARTH
The earth is not spherical. According to the Scriptures, from a very high spot (heaven, for example) one could see the entire earth so that nothing would be hidden. Such a thing is not possible with a spherical earth as the opposite side can't be seen directly. This implies that the earth is flat.
Job 28:24 For He looks to the ends of the earth, sees under all the heavens,
Psalms 19:4-6 Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their words to the end of the world. Inthem He set up a tent for the sun, and it is like a bridegroom coming out of his room, It rejoices like a strong man to run the path. Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end; And naught is hidden from its heat.
Daniel 4:10-11 “Now the visions of my head on my bed were these: I looked, and saw a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height great. The tree became great and strong, and its height reached to the heavens, and it was visible to the ends of all the earth."
Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil took Him up on a very high mountain, and showed Him all the reigns of the world, and their esteem,
Isaiah 40:22 It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in,
Yasher 5:15 And thou shalt raise up seed, and thy children with thee, in the midst of the earth; and Noah went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah the daughter of Enoch, and she was five hundred and eighty years old.
From a great distance, a sphere would look like a circle. Perhaps the phrase "circle of the earth" refers to the outline of the earth? Perhaps. But then how could you see "all the kingdoms of the world? Those on the back would remain hidden. The next passages should remove this confusion.
Psalms 136:6 To Him who spread the earth on the waters, For His kindness is everlasting;
Isaiah 44:24 Thus said יהוה, your Redeemer, and He who formed you from the womb, “I am יהוה, doing all, stretching out the heavens all alone, spreading out the earth, with none beside Me,"
If the earth were spherical, wouldn't you use a verb other than "spread out" to describe its creation? (balled up, gathered up, gathered together, anything but spread out).
Job 26: 7He it was who stretched out the north over emptiness, hanging the earth upon space,
And thenthere's verses that describe earth as having a face. When I see the word face, I think of something flat, not a ball. The face of a clock, our own faces (if face refers to a sphere, then why is our face not on the sides or the back?) how does a sphere or globe have a "face"?
Enoch 10:16 "Destroy the injustice from the face of the earth"
Enoch 45:6 .....by that judgement I shall destroy them from before the face of the earth.
Enoch 53:2 .....Sinners shall be destroyed from before the face of יהוה of Hosts - they shall perish eternally, standing before the face of HIS earth.
Enoch 67:3 ....I shall not put it to trial on the face of the earth;
Yasher 4:16 And all the sons of men departed from the ways of Elohim in those days as they multiplied upon the face of the earth with sons and daughters, and they taught one another their evil practices and they continued sinning against יהוה.
Yasher 4:19 And יהוה said, I will blot outman that I created from the face of the earth, yea from man to the birds of the air, together with cattle and beasts that are in the field for I repent that I made them.
Yasher 4:21 And Noah found grace in the sight of Elohim, and Elohim chose him and his children to raise up seed from them upon the face of the whole earth.
Yasher 5:13 And Noah was a just man, he was perfect in his generation, and יהוה chose him to raise up seed from his seed upon the face of the earth.
Yasher 6:19 And Noah, with a loud voice, answered them from the ark, saying, Have you not all rebelled against Elohim, and said that he does not exist? andtherefore Elohim brought upon you this evil, to destroy and cut you off from the face of the earth.
Yasher 6:25 And Elohim sent all the beasts and animals that stood round theark. And the beasts overpowered them and drove them from that place, and every man went his way and they again scattered themselves upon the face of the earth.
Yasher 9:36 And those who were left amongst them, when they knew and understood the evil which was coming upon them, they forsook the building, and they also became scattered upon the face of the whole earth.
Yasher 10:6 And the sons of Japheth the son of Noah went and built themselves cities in the places where they were scattered, and they called all their cities after their names, and the sons of Japheth were divided upon the face of the earth into many divisions and languages.
Yasher 13:13 For Chedorlaomer was at that time one of the princes of the hosts of Nimrod, and when all the people at the tower were dispersed and those that remained were also scattered upon the face of the earth, Chedorlaomer went to the land of Elam and reigned over it and rebelled against his lord.
Yasher 17:1 And in those days, in the ninety-first year of the life of Abram, the children of Chittim made war with the children of Tubal, for when Elohim had scattered the sons of men upon the face of the earth, the children of Chittim went and embodied themselves in the plain of Canopia, and they built themselves cities there and dwelt by the river Tibreu.
Yasher 67:56 And when יהוה had compassion over them and had desired to multiply them upon the face of the land, he ordered his earth to receive them to be preserved therein till the time of their growing up, after which the earth opened its mouth and vomited them forth and they sprouted forth from the city like the herb of the earth, and the grass of theforest, and they returned each to his family and to his father's house, and they remained with them.
Yasher 85:45 Behold there is a people come out from Egypt, behold they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me.
Jubilees 7:25 And YHUH destroyed everything from off the face of the earth;
Jubilees 7:27 ....and that you, too, will be destroyed from the face of the earth.
Jubilees 7:30 ....by covering that which has been shed on the face of the earth.
Jubilees 7:34 And now, My children, listen: work judgement and righteousness that you may be planted in righteousness over the face of the whole earth.
Jubilees 19:18 For I know that YHUH will choose him to be a people forpossession unto Himself, above all peoples that are upon the face of the earth.
THE EXTENT OF THE EARTH AND THE HEAVENS
Not only is the earth flat, it is also finite. So too is the same for the heavens.
Psalms 103:12 As far aseast is from west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us.
On a spherical earth, you should be able to travel east or west indefinitely. This passage is saying that there is a limit to the directions east and west. So, after a long journey, you would run out of east or west and would have reached the end of the earth. This is further justified in numerous passages.
Deuteronomy 28:64 “And יהוה shall scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other mighty ones, which neither you nor your fathers have known, wood and stone."
Deuteronomy 33:17 “His splendour is like a first-born bull, and his horns are like the horns of the wild ox. Withthem he pushes the peoples to the ends of the earth. And they are the ten thousands of Ephrayim, and they are the thousands of Menashsheh.”
1 Samuel 2:10 "Those who oppose יהוה are shattered, from the heavens He thunders against them. יהוה judges the ends of the earth, and gives strength to His sovereign, and exalts the horn of His anointed.”
Job 38:13 to take hold of the ends of the earth, and the wrong be shaken out of it?
Psalms 22:27 Let all the ends of the earth Remember and turn toיהוה, And all clans of the nations Bow themselves before You.
Psalms 46:9 Causing all fighting to cease, Unto the end of the earth. He breaks the bow and shatters the spear; He burns the chariot with fire.
Psalms 48:10 According to Your Name, O Elohim, So is Your praise to the ends of the earth; Your right hand is filled with righteousness.
Psalms 59:13 Bring them to an end in wrath, Bring them to an end, That they be no more; And let them know That Elohim is ruling in Yaʽaqoḇ To the ends of the earth. Selah.
Psalms 61:2 From the end of the earth I call unto You, When my heart is faint; Lead me to the rock that is higher than I.
Psalms 65:5 By awesome deeds in righteousness You answer us, O Elohim of our deliverance, The Trust of all the ends of the earth, And the distant seas;
Isaiah 41:9 whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called from its farthest parts, and said to You, ‘You are My servant, I have chosen you and have not rejected you.
Jeremiah 51:16 When He gives forth His voice the waters in the heavens roar, and He makes vapoursto ascend from the ends of the earth; He makes lightnings for the rain, and He brings the wind out of His treasuries.
Mark 13:27 “And then He shall send His messengers, and assemble His chosen ones from the four winds, from the farthest part ofearth to the farthest part of heaven.
Enoch 18:5 I saw the path of the angels in the ultimate end of the earth.
Enoch 18:14 Then themalak said to me, "this place is the ultimate end of heaven and earth:"
Enoch 23:1 And from there I departed and went to another place in the direction of the west until the extreme ends of the earth.
Enoch 33:1 And from there I went to the extreme ends of the earth and saw there huge beasts, each different from the other - and different birds also differing from one another in appearance, beauty, and voice. And to the east of those beasts, I saw the ultimate ends of the earth whichrests on the heaven.
Enoch 34:1 From there I went in the direction of the north, to the extreme ends of the earth, and there at the extreme end of the whole world I saw a great and magnificent seat. Enoch 35:1 And from there I went in the direction of the west to the extreme ends of the earth,
Enoch 36:1-2 And from there I went in the direction of the south to the extreme ends of theearth, and saw there three open gates of the heaven from where the south wind, dew, rain, and wind come forth. From there I went in the direction of the extreme ends of the heaven.
Enoch 39:3 In those days, whirlwinds carried me off from the earth, and set me down into the ultimate ends of the heavens.
Enoch 54:9 And they shall obliterate all those that dwell upon the earth as well as those that dwell underneath the ultimate ends of heaven.
Enoch 57:2 ....and the sound of the noise could be heard from the extreme end of the skyunto the extreme end of the earth in one hour.
Enoch 60:11 Then the othermalak who was going with me was showing me the hidden things: what is first and last in heaven, above it, beneath the earth, in the depth, in the extreme ends of heaven, the extent of heaven;
Enoch 60:20 The dwelling place of the dew breeze isin the extreme ends of heaven.
Enoch 71:4 He also showed me all the secrets of the extreme ends of heaven.
Enoch 93:13-14 "What kind of person is anyone that is able to understand the nature of the breadth and length of the earth? To whom has the extent of all these been shown?" "Is there perchance any human being that is able to understand the length of heaven, the extent of its altitude, upon what it is founded, the number of the stars, and the place where all the luminaries rest?"
Yasher 8:2 And when all the wise men and conjurors went out from the house of Terah, they lifted up their eyes toward heaven that night to look at the stars, and theysaw, and behold one very large star came from the east and ran in the heavens, and he swallowed up the four stars from the four sides of the heavens.
Yasher 32:17 I am יהוה Elohim of thy father Abraham and the God of Isaac, untothee do I give this land and thy seed after thee, and I will make thy seed as the stars of heaven, and thou shalt spread forth to the four sides of heaven, and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Jubilees 8:12 ....and it extends till it reaches the water of the abysses,
THE EDGE OF THE EARTH
The phrase "the midst of the earth" from Daniel implies that not only does the earth have a boundary it also has a center. A sphere has its center beneath its surface which means that the earth is not a sphere but some sort of plane geometric figure. This raises another question. What is the shape of the earth's boundary?
Job 26:10 He drew a limit on the surface of the waters, at the boundary of light and darkness.
Job 37:3 He lets it loose under all the heavens, and His lightning to the ends of the earth.
Job 38:8-11 “Or who shut the sea in with doors at its bursting, when it went out of the womb, at my making the clouds its garment and thick darkness its swaddling band, and I prescribed my rule for the sea, and I set bars and doors, and I said, ‘You shall come up to here, but you shall not go further, and here it will set a ••boundary•• for your proud surging waves’?
Isaiah 11:12 And He shall raise a banner for the nations, and gather the outcasts of Yisra’ĕl, and assemble the dispersed of Yehuḏah from the four corners of the earth.
Ezekiel 7:2 “And you, son of man, this is what the Master יהוה said to the land of Yisra’ĕl, ‘An end! The end has come upon the four corners of the land.
Proverbs 8:29 when he prescribed ••boundaries•• for thesea, so that its water would not transgress his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth.
Revelation 7:1 And after this I saw four messengers standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.
Revelation 20:8 and he shall go out to lead the nations astray which are in the four corners of the earth,Gog and Magog, to gather them together for battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea.
Yasher 10:2 And when Elohim had scattered the sons of men on account of their sin at the tower, behold they spread forth into many divisions, and all the sons of men were dispersed into the four corners of the earth.
Jubilees 7:25 ....and because of the blood which they had shed in the midst of the earth He destroyed everything.
Jubilees 8:12 And there came forth on the writing as Shem's lot the middle of the earth (so, if we are a "globe" they lived in the molten core?? Sure, sure)
Jubilees 8:19 ....and Mount Zion - the centre of the navel of the earth:
THE NATURE OF THE SKY
The sky covers the earth like a tent and we live under it. The sky of the scriptures is solid -- a firmament.
Job 22:14 ‘Clouds screen Him, so that He does not see, and He moves about the vault of the heavens.’
Job 37:18 Did you, with Him, spread out the clouds, strong as a hard mirror?
Isaiah 48:13 " Also, My hand has laid the foundation of the earth, and My right hand has stretched out the heavens. I call to them, let them stand together."
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if the tent of our earthly house, is destroyed, we have a building from Elohim, a house not made with hands, everlasting in the heavens.
Enoch 18:2-5 I saw the cornerstone of the earth; I saw the four winds which bear the earth as well as the firmament of heaven. I saw how the winds ride the heights of heaven and stand between heaven and earth; these are the very pillars of heaven. I saw the winds which turn the heaven and cause the star to set - the sun as well as all the stars. I saw the souls carried by the clouds. I saw the path of the angels in the ultimate end ofearth, and the firmament of the heaven above.
Jubilees 2:4 And on the second day He created the firmament in the midst of the waters, and the waters were divided on that day - half of them went up above and half of them went down below the firmament (that was) in the midst over the face of the whole earth.
Jubilees 2:6 And the waters did so as He commanded them, and they retired from off the face of the earth into one place outside of this firmament, and the dry land appeared.
Jubilees 2:8 ....and set them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light all upon the earth.
Jubilees 19:25 ....and to strengthen the earth, and to renew all the luminaries which are in the firmament.
Jubilees 19:27 'Yacob, my beloved son, whom my soul loves, may YHUH bless you from above the firmament...
I've tried my best not to repeat the same verses. These are all from your standard collection of scriptures, but there is more evidence for a geocentric, flat, enclosed earth in books like Enoch,Yasher and other apocryphal works. I'm slowly adding those in.
Yes, it's scary to challenge what we have spent our entire lives believing, but when you see the astounding amount of evidence, both scriptural and scientific, then you can't help but question everything. What else has the world been lying to us about?!!
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